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Dr. Keith N. Humphreys
(Photo by Adan Pulido)
Dr. Keith N. Humphreys has earned the 2021 Under Secretary’s Award for Outstanding Achievement in Health Services Research – the highest honor for a VA health services researcher. He was recognized for his work to improve the understanding of factors that affect the health of Veterans and the quality of their care.
Over his career, Humphreys has shed light on several key issues that enhance VA health care, including the potential for applying practice guidelines in everyday clinical practice; how self-help groups for addiction disorders can improve treatment outcomes and reduce health care costs; and how innovative research methods can aid in assessing outcomes.
An HSR&D senior research career scientist and investigator with the Center for Innovation to Implementation (Ci2i) in Palo Alto, California, Humphreys conducts research on treatments for substance use and psychiatric disorders. His primary research objective is to evaluate treatment access and outcomes and self-help groups for addictive disorders. This is important because one in six adult deaths in the developed world is at least partly attributable to the use of tobacco, alcohol, or other substances. Among members of the military, a single addiction (i.e., tobacco use disorder) accounts for more lifetime mortality than warfare.
A multi-site study lead by Humphreys found that adherence to clinical trial-derived practice guidelines under “real-world conditions” predicts a significant drop in the use of heroin. Recent studies led by Humphreys show that self-help groups reduce VA and non-VA patients’ risk of relapse after addiction treatment. Another important research objective of his is to evaluate and implement effective policies and systems of mental health services, and to improve methods for studying psychiatric interventions.
In addition to conducting impactful research, Humphreys has mentored many junior health services researchers over the past 25 years, including several VA Career Development Awardees. Through his leadership of Stanford University’s NeuroChoice Initiative, he also was able to direct $300,000 in grant funds to VA addiction investigators from diverse backgrounds.
Beyond his research and mentoring, Humphreys has served as a member of Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) National Advisory Council. He has also appeared before Congress several times regarding the opioid epidemic and drug addiction, and he advises several states on strategies for responding to addiction. He serves as Chair of the Stanford-Lancet Commission on the North American Opioid Crisis, which was formed to respond to the opioid crisis in the US and Canada.
Dr. Humphreys is an internationally recognized scholar in the fields of addictive disorders and healthcare evaluation; he has presented in 28 countries on six continents and has been an advisor on drug policy issues to both the British Government and the World Health Organization. He also is the inaugural holder of an endowed chair at Stanford Medicine, the Esther Ting Memorial Professorship in addiction medicine.
Dr. Humphreys is from a family of Veterans, including several whose lives were saved by the care they received in the VA health care system.