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VA Research Currents
 

Recent News

Insomnia disorder common in post-9/11 Veterans

Post-9/11 Veterans have “alarmingly high rates” of insomnia disorder, according to a VA San Diego Healthcare System study.... (10/20/2020)

COVID-19 ‘collaboratory’ leverages VA treatment data to probe effects of drugs

A VA research initiative is bringing together VA experts to analyze the use and effects of COVID-19 drugs with clinical partners interested in the safety and efficiency of these therapies.... (10/16/2020)

Study: Brain stimulation improves condition of patients with Alzheimer's

A VA pilot study finds that a brain stimulation therapy provided to patients with Alzheimer's disease improved their state of apathy, a profound loss of motivation and initiative and a feeling of social withdrawal.... (10/14/2020)

Study points to race, ethnicity as COVID-19 risk factors

A VA study found that Black and Hispanic Veterans were twice as likely to test positive for COVID-19.... (09/23/2020)

Study: Different emotions may drive male, female Veterans to attempt suicide

A new VA study finds that a much different set of emotions may have driven male and female Veterans to attempt suicide.... (09/17/2020)

Researchers striving to improve detection of kidney disease in VA

Two VA researchers are leading efforts to implement in VA a test they believe to be much more accurate in detecting kidney disease than the one in standard practice for decades.... (09/17/2020)

Pilot study: Fecal transplant helps alcohol cravings

Fecal transplant therapy is safe and can reduce alcohol craving in patients with alcohol use disorder, found a VA study.... (09/10/2020)

VA researcher develops 'smart bandage' technology for chronic wounds

Researchers at the Advanced Platform Technology Center have developed a high-tech bandage that uses electrical stimulation to treat pressure injuries.... (09/09/2020)

VA aims to validate effective treatments for COVID-19 patients through new initiative

New VA initiative is aimed at giving Veterans faster access to COVID-19 treatments and confirming their effectiveness. Its first trial is on convalescent plasma for treating seriously ill patients.... (09/02/2020)

Does smoking block potential benefits from stem cell therapy?

Scientists at VA Palo Alto are studying whether smoking may detract from the potential therapeutic effects of stem cells in the body. ... (09/01/2020)

VA health economist and team strive to make agency more efficient, effective

A VA health economics research program in Boston provides rigorous data analysis to support agency policy, planning, and evaluation.... (08/13/2020)

Survey data show Vets, on the whole, have good experiences with both VA and VA-purchased community care

Survey data from more than 1 million Veterans showed that overall, they reported positive experiences with both VA care and VA-purchased care in the community.... (08/04/2020)

Study: Veterans with PTSD more likely to have justice-system involvement than those without

A new study finds that Veterans with PTSD—compared to those without—are about 60% more likely to have justice-system involvement.... (08/04/2020)

Study offers insight on how PTSD affects response to depression treatment

An analysis of a large VA study on depression showed that patients with or without PTSD had similar relative responses to medication changes.... (08/04/2020)

VA participates in COVID-19 trial on drug used to curb inflammation

The VA hospitals in Houston and Miami are part of an international clinical trial on the anti-inflammatory drug tocilizumab. The trial is for hospitalized COVID-19 patients with severe pneumonia.... (07/27/2020)

VA works to raise awareness for lung cancer screening in Veterans

VA has partnered with the GO2 Foundation to increase awareness about lung cancer screening and to improve outcomes for Veterans affected by lung cancer.... (07/17/2020)

Meditation linked to lower cardiovascular risk

Meditation was linked to lower cardiovascular risk in a large database study that looked at data on more than 61,000 survey participants.... (07/10/2020)

Study: Men with HIV at greater risk of abnormal lung function

A new study finds a greater risk for impaired lung function among men with HIV, compared with men without HIV.... (07/10/2020)

VA technology center switches gears to produce COVID-19 medical supplies

The Human Engineering Research Laboratories is one of several large VA facilities that have switched gears to make medical supplies that help meet the demand triggered by the COVID-19 health crisis.... (07/08/2020)

Veterans helping to plan, shape research projects

Engaging Veterans in planning and shaping VA research studies has gained momentum in recent years. At the center of the movement are Veteran engagement groups.... (07/07/2020)

Study: Patient data can predict life expectancy for older adults with diabetes

A new study finds that clinicians can use patient data, such as a history of co-occurring health conditions and medication, to predict the 5- and 10-year life expectancy of older people with diabetes.... (06/19/2020)

Study finds VA does good job of preventing adverse events for chemotherapy patients

Patients receiving chemotherapy through VA were less likely to experience potentially avoidable hospitalizations than those getting Medicare-paid chemotherapy, found a study by VA Palo Alto researchers.... (06/17/2020)

Women Veterans Day

Women Veterans Day, June 12, is an appropriate time to recognize the role of women in VA's Million Veteran Program. More than 830,000 Vets are now enrolled in MVP, of which 80,000 are women.... (06/11/2020)

Lab study suggests way to stem long-term damage after brain injury

A VA lab study has shed new light on how repeated traumatic brain injury affects the brain, and suggests a treatment approach that could stem long-term damage.... (06/11/2020)

VA scientists testing new technology to absorb moisture, increase comfort with prostheses

Researchers at the APT Center are developing a material to better absorb and channel the sweat that can build up inside the socket liner of a prosthesis.... (06/11/2020)

VA pharmacist donates blood plasma as part of efforts to find treatment for COVID-19

Dr. Parisa Khan, a VA pharmacist and recovered COVID-19 patient, donated her convalescent plasma so it could be used as an investigational treatment for another patient struggling with the illness, as part of a nationwide program.... (06/02/2020)

Study points to race-based difference in prostate cancer progression

In a VA study, African American men whose biopsies showed low-risk cancer were more likely to have a higher grade or stage of cancer when they were later treated surgically, compared with white patients with similar histories.... (06/02/2020)

VA physician invents device to expand patient access to ventilators

A VA physician and his colleagues invented a device that allows doctors to customize air pressure settings for two patients using a single ventilator.... (06/02/2020)

VA scientists race to determine effectiveness of prostate cancer drug in treating COVID-19 patients

Nearly 200 Veterans are expected to take part in a study on the drug degarelix for treating male Veterans with the disease.... (05/22/2020)

Adaptive rock climbing has physical, psychological benefits for people with disabilities

A new study finds that indoor rock climbing appears to offer a "unique array" of physical, social, and psychological benefits for those with disabilities, including those with amputations, spinal cord injury, and traumatic brain injury.... (05/11/2020)

VA Research works with industry, other partners to launch COVID-19 clinical trials

VA medical centers are involved in a number of clinical trials and other studies focused on COVID-19. VA's research office is also seeking to expand its role in COVID-19 trials.... (05/07/2020)

'I'm battling an encyclopedia'

VA researchers examined the beliefs and perceptions Veterans with diabetes hold about communicating with their physicians. Some complained their doctors use too much jargon.... (05/07/2020)

Review finds strong evidence on emerging biomarkers for Alzheimer’s diagnosis

Biomarkers—measurable physical signs of a condition—could be a useful way of testing for Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new review study by a VA team in Minneapolis.... (04/27/2020)

Exploring precision medicine for insomnia

In an interview with VA Research Currents, Dr. Elaine Boland, a VA research psychologist in Philadelphia, emphasizes the need for people with insomnia to receive treatments tailored to their needs.... (04/23/2020)

Brain organoids: Emerging method to study brain diseases

Brain organoids, made in the lab from cultured cells, are miniature replicas of areas of the human brain. Scientists are using them to model brain diseases.... (04/23/2020)

Can community engagement help Veterans at high risk of suicide?

A VA study aims to boost social connectedness among Veterans at high risk of suicide by getting them more involved in group activities such as music, tai chi, or fishing.... (04/22/2020)

PTSD, moral injury tied to pregnancy complications

Elevated symptoms of PTSD and moral injury can lead to pregnancy complications, found a VA study of women Veterans.... (04/14/2020)

VA, non-VA cardiac rehab provide similar benefits

VA and non-VA cardiac rehabilitation programs offer similar benefits, according to a new VA study, and "eligible patients with ischemic heart disease should participate in cardiac rehabilitation programs regardless of where they are provided," say the researchers.... (04/08/2020)

Environmental service workers are important element in infection control design

A study based at VA community living centers shows that environmental service workers have unique insights into infection control that could improve best practices. ... (04/08/2020)

Government often pays twice for Veterans' blocked-artery treatments

The federal government is losing millions of dollars by paying twice, in many cases, for Veterans' medical procedures, found a study by VA and University of Pennsylvania researchers.... (04/08/2020)

Study of nearly 2 million Veterans confirms links between weight and pain

In a database study of nearly 2 million Veterans with musculoskeletal disorders, heavier patients were more likely to report pain.... (03/31/2020)

VA's TRACTS program seeking breakthroughs on traumatic brain injury

VA Boston-based Translational Research Center for TBI and Stress Disorders (TRACTS) has been working to increase understanding of the long-term impact of traumatic brain injury on the physical and mental health of post-9-11 Veterans... (03/31/2020)

Large study of Veterans confirms link between fried food, heart disease

A large study that included data on more than 150,000 volunteers in VA's Million Veteran Program finds that the risk of coronary artery disease—a form of heart disease—rises based on the rate of fried food consumptio... (03/30/2020)

Researchers take new approach to detect, treat eye disease that can lead to blindness

A VA pilot study has shown the benefits of a hand-held device to detect early-stage diabetic retinopathy and a neuroprotective drug to potentially reverse the symptoms.... (03/02/2020)

Amid virus concerns, study offers insight on use of respiratory gear in hospitals

A recent VA study offers insight on the use of respiratory protective gear by health care workers. Why do nurses and other staff sometimes fail to use the equipment when it's required, or vice versa?... (03/02/2020)

Study probes user satisfaction with upper-limb prostheses

A survey of more than 400 Veteran users of upper-limb prostheses found little difference in satisfaction among users of myoelectric, body-powered, and cosmetic devices. Overall rankings fell just shy of "satisfied."... (02/20/2020)

Study suggests a more accurate approach to diabetes diagnosis

Using HbA1c (hemoglobin A1c) levels alone can lead to over- and under-diagnosis of diabetes, says a VA research team. They say oral glucose tests should be used along with HbA1c to ensure a proper diagnosis.... (02/12/2020)

Study: Higher opioid doses fail to lessen pain

Researchers from VA and three universities looked at prescribing data on more than 50,000 VA patients taking opioids and found that increased doses did not improve pain control.... (02/03/2020)

VA seeks to reduce use of popular but much-overused class of drugs

A national VA program is underway to reduce unnecessary use of acid-reducing drugs called proton pump inhibitors, and to disseminate best practices. VA researchers are evaluating the effort.... (02/03/2020)

Research improves tele-eye screening for Veterans

In 2015, VA launched the Technology-based Eye Care Services program, or TECS. The tele-eye screening program now serves 22 sites nationwide, and researchers are helping to ensure optimal effectiveness.... (02/03/2020)

Lab study: E-cigarettes may damage body's ability to fight infection

Electronic cigarettes may weaken the body's ability to fight infection, found a lab study by VA San Diego and University of California San Diego researchers.... (01/15/2020)

VA, DOD embark on new endeavor to study mysteries of traumatic brain injury

"Long-term Impact of Military Relevant Brain Injury Consortium," or LIMBIC, is the world's largest research cohort of Veterans and Service members that is dedicated to the study of mild traumatic brain injury (mild TBI), also known as a concussion.... (01/14/2020)

Spreading innovation across VA health care

VA's Diffusion of Excellence program spreads promising clinical innovations across VA health care. Estimates are that more than 100,000 Veterans have benefitted from innovations that came from VA employees and were spread throughout the VA system.... (01/14/2020)

Million Veteran Program study sheds light on genetic basis of anxiety

In the largest genetic study on anxiety to date, VA researchers found new evidence on the underlying biological causes of the disorder. The study used VA Million Veteran Program data to identify regions on the human genome related to anxiety risk.... (01/07/2020)

Health ranks as top concern for Veterans immediately after military service

In a survey of nearly 10,000 Veterans newly separated from military service, most were satisfied with their work and social well-being, but more than half reported chronic physical health problems, and a third reported chronic mental health conditions.... (01/02/2020)

Study supports long-term benefits of non-drug therapies for pain

A new study finds that non-drug therapies given to service members with chronic pain may reduce the risk of long-term adverse outcomes, such as alcohol and drug disorder and self-induced injuries, including suicide attempts.... (12/10/2019)

Oral diabetes drug linked to lower odds of colon cancer

A new study has linked the widely used oral diabetes drug metformin to lower odds of colorectal cancer. The study involved a large sample of VA patients with diabetes who had a colonoscopy.... (12/10/2019)

Study finds VA better than other systems at rating hospital performance

A recent study examined the accuracy and validity of four different health care rating systems. The researchers found that VA does a better job of measuring hospital performance than other government and private-sector rating systems.... (12/03/2019)

Study finds strong ties between social stress factors and suicidal thoughts, attempts

A new study finds that social stress factors—such as violence, homelessness, unemployment, marital problems, and a lack of access to care—have strong connections among Veterans to suicidal thinking and suicide attempts.... (11/21/2019)

Study raises new warnings about frail surgery patients

A VA study has shown that frail surgery patients may be at higher risk than previously thought, leading the researchers to conclude that "there are no 'low-risk' procedures among frail patients."... (11/13/2019)

Research underscores need for further rehab years after brain injury

A new study shows the need for rehab services for Vets at five years after a brain injury. Many patients, caregivers, and providers mistakenly believe such services are relevant only in the short term.... (11/13/2019)

Study gauges VA providers' views on predictive-analytics tool that assesses patient risk

Researchers explored how VA primary care providers are using the Care Assessment Needs report, a predictive-analytics tool that factors in vital signs, lab results, doctor and pharmacy visits, ER use, and other data to calculate a risk score.... (11/13/2019)

VA, Prostate Cancer Foundation seek solutions for aggressive prostate cancer

A partnership between VA and the Prostate Cancer Foundation is speeding the development of treatments and cures for Veterans with aggressive—or metastatic—prostate cancer through precision oncology.... (11/13/2019)

Study: Combat a possible risk factor for hepatitis B

A new study finds Veteran prevalence of hepatitis B to be greatest among those with traditional risk factors, but also suggests that combat exposure can be a risk factor on its own.... (11/08/2019)

VA rolls out nationwide software system for research oversight and reporting

VA research sites nationwide will now all use the same software for managing the regulatory and administrative aspects of research. The move is expected to lighten the load on staff, improve opportunities for collaboration, and potentially speed Veteran access to clinical trials, among other benefits.... (10/31/2019)

Bariatric surgery may not lead to lower health care costs

Despite helping to bring about improved survival and significant weight loss, bariatric surgery may not lead to lower health care costs in the long term, says a VA study.... (10/30/2019)

Suicide Prevention

"From Science to Practice" translates published research into informative tips that VA suicide prevention coordinators and providers can use to support their patients.... (10/24/2019)

No place like home

VA medical foster homes are a sensible way to deliver 24/7 long-term care for Veterans, says Dr. Cari Levy of the Denver VA Medical Center. Her research has shown cost and mortality benefits, compared with conventional nursing home care.... (10/03/2019)

VA National Precision Oncology Program brings tailored cancer treatment to Veterans

An initial study has shown that VA's National Precision Oncology Program has been effective in delivering personalized cancer care. By sequencing tumor samples, the researchers were able to identify mutations that could be treated with approved therapies, or with experimental therapies in clinical trials, for most patients... (10/03/2019)

Researchers piloting nerve stimulation for amputation pain

VA researchers are testing whether nerve stimulation can help Veterans with post-amputation pain. A small pilot study involving 16 Veterans is now underway.... (09/26/2019)

Past military sexual trauma common in older women Veterans

A history of military sexual trauma is common in older women Veterans, found a VA study focused on women age 55 years and older. Also, women who experienced MST were more likely to report multiple health conditions, especially mental health issues.... (09/26/2019)

Early palliative care for advanced lung cancer increases survival

Early palliative care is associated with better survival in patients with advanced lung cancer, according to a study by VA Portland Health Care System and Oregon Health and Science University researchers.... (09/17/2019)

Abnormal gut bugs tied to worse cognitive performance in Vets with PTSD and cirrhosis

A study involving Veterans with PTSD and cirrhosis of the liver points to an abnormal mix of bacteria in the intestines as a possible driver of poor cognitive performance—and as a potential target for therapy. ... (09/11/2019)

Bronx VA psychiatrist-researcher cited for work in suicide prevention

Veteran Wilfredo Santo was so grateful for Dr. Marianne Goodman's suicide prevention program at the Bronx VA that he arranged to have a flag flown over the U.S. Capitol in honor of the physician-researcher.... (09/11/2019)

Gaining insight into Parkinson's

A set of research projects at the Cleveland FES Center is using deep brain stimulation, virtual reality, and other technology to better understand how Parkinson's disease affects walking and balance.... (08/29/2019)

Gut sense

VA Research is planning a series of studies to gain insight into the gastrointestinal and liver problems that beset many Veterans after deployments. The goal is to bring new treatments to bear as soon as possible. ... (08/21/2019)

Review: Biofeedback could help treat a number of conditions

A literature review by VA researchers highlights the usefulness of biofeedback for headache and incontinence treatment, and stroke recovery. There was less evidence for its role in other conditions.... (08/20/2019)

VA-DeepMind partnership reports on technology for early detection of life-threatening kidney condition

Researchers from VA and the artificial intelligence company DeepMind have achieved a promising medical breakthrough, developing a technology that has the potential to predict a life-threatening kidney condition up to two days before it happens.... (08/20/2019)

Gene variants tied to kidney disease have only modest cardiovascular effect in African Americans

In a study of nearly 31,000 African American participants in VA's Million Veteran Program, researchers found that two gene variants tied to kidney disease have only a modest cardiovascular effect.... (08/16/2019)

New VA program helping inventors turn ideas into viable products

The Technology Transfer Assistance Project (TTAP), an initiative of the VA Technology Transfer Program, aims to bring worthy VA discoveries closer to public use by supporting the creation of a working prototype and by consulting on pathways for commercialization.... (08/01/2019)

Study finds decline in antibiotic use for older Veterans with urinary infections—a positive result from stewardship efforts

A new study finds a significant drop in antibiotic use at VA community living centers treating older Veterans with urinary tract infections—a positive sign in efforts to limit the health problems that can result from the improper use of antibiotics.... (08/01/2019)

MVP study identifies genes linked to re-experiencing symptoms in PTSD

A VA Million Veteran Program study has identified multiple locations in the human genome related to the risk of re-experiencing traumatic memories, the most distinctive symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder.... (07/29/2019)

Routine blood tests could predict future diabetes

Researchers from three VA health care systems showed that elevated blood glucose levels detected in routine outpatient tests, though well below diagnostic thresholds, predicted diabetes diagnoses within five years. ... (07/19/2019)

Study finds new genetic markers for peripheral artery disease

VA researchers and colleagues studied the genetic characteristics of 31,300 veterans with peripheral artery disease and identified 19 genetic markers, 18 of which were not previously reported. The study used data from VA's Million Veteran Program.... (07/18/2019)

Study: New brain stimulation technique shows promise in easing PTSD

A new VA study found that a form of brain stimulation that can rapidly improve communication between neurons in the brain helped ease PTSD symptoms. The team is also using virtual reality as part of PTSD therapy... (07/10/2019)

Study: Vets with PTSD twice as likely as U.S. population to die from suicide, accidental injury, liver damage

A new study finds that Veterans who have been treated for PTSD are twice as likely as the U.S. population to die from suicide, accidental injury, and viral hepatitis, an infection that causes liver inflammation and damage.... (07/10/2019)

VA aims to expand artificial-intelligence research, appoints inaugural AI director

VA is already using artificial intelligence in several ways, such as for suicide prevention and cancer treatment. Now an effort is underway to widen the role of AI in VA care and research. To that end, VA has appointed its first-ever director of artificial intelligence.... (07/10/2019)

VA Diabetes Trial

VA researchers have published long-term follow-up results from a major diabetes trial, in which patients saw no significant drop, on average, in heart attacks or strokes—despite intensive therapy to lower blood sugar levels.... (06/27/2019)

Comprehending the effects of blasts

One way researchers are trying to untangle the mysteries of traumatic brain injury is through animal models, namely rats and mice, and simulated blasts. The goal is to better understand the effects of blasts on the brain, and thereby develop new therapies to heal Veterans and others.... (06/27/2019)

Scientists display medical innovations at 'VA Research Day' in nation's capital

Nearly 25 leading VA researchers, some accompanied by Veteran study participants, showcased their latest scientific, medical, and technological advances in Washington, D.C., as part of the second annual “VA Research Day on the Hill,” held June 20 at the Rayburn House Office Building on Capitol Hill. ... (06/26/2019)

Can brain stimulation ward off dementia?

A VA researcher in Little Rock aims to delay Alzheimer’s through a form of brain stimulation. The target population is those with mild cognitive impairment who display the psychological trait of apathy, shown to be a key risk factor for progression to full-blown dementia. ... (06/26/2019)

Studies: Shame worsens outcomes for Vets with PTSD

VA research suggests that feelings of shame may be a key link between PTSD and suicidal thinking among Veterans. One study found that shame "fully accounted for the effects of PTSD on suicidal ideation."... (06/10/2019)

Kansas City VA lab aims to improve prognosis for pancreatic cancer

A team at the Kansas City (Missouri) VAMC is working to boost the effectiveness of a drug seen as the best hope for patients with pancreatic cancer—even if most tumors become resistant to it after a few doses. They also have a nanomedicine-based approach to pancreatic cancer in the works.... (06/10/2019)

Study: Patients with diabetes do as well with physician assistants, nurse practitioners as with physicians

VA patients with diabetes have similar health outcomes regardless of whether their primary provider is a physician, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant, according to a Durham VA Health Care System study.... (06/04/2019)

Molecular delivery system takes arthritis drugs directly to joints

In lab studies, VA researchers have developed a potential method to deliver arthritis medication directly to painful joints without risking side effects in the rest of the body.... (06/03/2019)

High LDL linked to early-onset Alzheimer's

Researchers at the Atlanta VA found a link between high LDL cholesterol and early-onset Alzheimer's disease. The results could help doctors understand how the disease develops and what the possible causes are, including genetic variation.... (05/28/2019)

The right prescription

A physician-investigator at the Washington DC VAMC is a member of the African American Cardiovascular Pharmacogenomics Consortium, created in 2016 to advance precision prescribing—based on patients’ genes—of cardiovascular drugs for African Americans.... (05/22/2019)

Study: Video games can help Veterans recover from mental health challenges

A recent study with a small sample of Veterans trying to recover from mental health issues found that video games can help in overcoming such problems as PTSD and substance use disorders.... (05/22/2019)

Study finds high levels of abnormally fast brain waves in mild brain injury

A VA San Diego study finds that Vets and service members with a history of combat-related mild traumatic brain injury have much higher levels of abnormally fast brain waves in a region that plays a key role in consciousness.... (05/09/2019)

VA and partners hope APOLLO program will be leap forward for precision oncology

VA and two federal partners—the Department of Defense and the National Cancer Institute—are looking to harness the latest advances in genomic and proteomic medicine to help tailor cancer treatment for individual Veterans and service members. The effort is named APOLLO, after the space mission that landed men on the moon.... (05/01/2019)

'An intriguing structural finding'

A new study finds that Veterans and active-duty service members with combat-related PTSD and mild traumatic brain injury had larger amygdalas—the region of the brain that processes such emotions as fear, anxiety, and aggression—than those with only brain injuries.... (04/29/2019)

Study confirms value of prolonged exposure therapy for Vets with PTSD and alcohol problems

A VA San Diego study has confirmed the value of prolonged exposure therapy for Veterans coping with both PTSD and alcohol problems. Some experts have worried exposure therapy could worsen drinking in this population.... (04/24/2019)

3D images, algorithms are key in potential new tool for measuring bedsores in spinal cord injury

VA researchers are developing a new instrument for measuring bedsores, or pressure ulcers, using 3D cameras, tablet computers, and an algorithm. The work will mainly benefit Veterans with spinal cord injuries.... (04/23/2019)

Housing for homeless Veterans

Researchers delved into the different living situations available to homeless Veterans through the HUD-VASH voucher program. VA Research Currents talked with investigator Dr. Ann Elizabeth Montgomery about what her team learned.... (04/11/2019)

Gene transfer improves diabetes-linked heart ailment

Researchers with VA and the University of California San Diego have shown that a gene transfer technique can combat heart dysfunction caused by diabetes.... (03/27/2019)

Omega-3s: Are they really good for your heart?

Dr. Salim Virani, a VA cardiologist in Houston, co-authored a review study summarizing recent clinical trials on omega-3 fatty acids. He addresses current recommendations for the general public and those with existing heart disease.... (03/27/2019)

PTSD nightmares: Is there an effective treatment?

A review article by a VA clinician-researcher explores why nightmares are a hallmark of PTSD, examines the associated health risks, discusses the best treatments, and identifies future research needs.... (03/13/2019)

Collaborative care in mental health reduces hospital admissions

In a VA study involving nearly 5,600 Veterans, collaborative care models for mental health reduced hospitalization rates and, for complex patients, improved health status.... (03/13/2019)

A grape-based cancer therapy?

A team at the Washington DC VA is testing an extract made from the skins of muscadine grapes against aggressive forms of prostate cancer in the lab. The work complements a clinical trial based at Johns Hopkins University.... (03/05/2019)

Study: Technology helps upper-limb amputees regain a sense of touch

A small VA trial confirmed that a neural feedback system developed by VA and Case Western Reserve University investigators could help give back a sense of natural touch to amputees using artificial hands... (02/28/2019)

Conference to examine health, legal issues involving Veterans and others who break the law

Veterans are among the special populations to be discussed at an upcoming conference on health care in the criminal justice system. Veterans make up about 8 percent of the arrestee, jail, prison, and community-supervision population.... (02/28/2019)

Preventing colon cancer

The VA Colonoscopy Collaborative is a framework for promoting epidemiological research and quality improvement. The ultimate goal is to optimize the effectiveness of colonoscopies in VA and thereby improve Veterans' outcomes.... (02/21/2019)

VA study links antibiotics with diabetes risk

A study from the VA New York Harbor Healthcare System found that Veterans with a history of antibiotic use were more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes.... (02/14/2019)

Better care for the elderly

In two studies, researchers assessed the impact of VA's GeriPACT program, a model of primary care designed around the needs of older patients.... (02/06/2019)

Large genome study leads to better understanding of high blood pressure

A large, international genetic study using Million Veteran Program data has identified more than 200 gene variants that could contribute to high blood pressure. The study also identified over 200 drugs currently used to treat other diseases that could potentially be repurposed to treat high blood pressure.... (02/06/2019)

San Diego VA study testing cannabidiol—a compound derived from cannabis—for PTSD

Researchers at the VA San Diego Healthcare System aim to see whether cannabidiol, or CBD—a compound derived from cannabis plants—can help ease PTSD.... (02/05/2019)

Study: Online program helps Veterans lose weight, potentially prevent diabetes

VA researchers compared an online version of the Diabetes Prevention Program to an in-person DPP and to MOVE!, VA's flagship weight management program.... (02/05/2019)

Relationship impairment due to PTSD and depression has opposite effect on treatment-seeking in men and women

Relationship problems stemming from PTSD and depression could have opposite effects on men and women in terms of their seeking mental health treatment, found a VA Boston Healthcare System.... (01/23/2019)

VA studies highlight pros, cons of different blood thinners after heart valve replacement

A pair of recent VA studies looked at how patient outcomes differed based on which drugs doctors prescribed to prevent blood clots after surgery to replace faulty aortic valves. ... (01/16/2019)

Review study points to most effective mind-body therapies for PTSD

VA researchers reviewing nearly two dozen randomized VA trials on mind-body therapies gave three of the therapies a nod of approval: mindfulness, yoga, and relaxation. ... (01/16/2019)


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